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Laura Ritter

Russian Émigrés in Berlin – General Aleksej Aleksandrovič von Lampe and his networks, 1922-1945.

Personal Information

laura ritter 

  • Born 1986 in Hamburg
  • 2005 - 2011 Studies in Modern and Recent History, East-Slavonic Studies and Economic Policy at the Universities of Freiburg and Rome 
  • 2011 Magister Artium at the University of Freiburg with a thesis about the German-Soviet relations in autumn 1940
  • Since 2011 Assistant at the Slavonic Department of the University of Freiburg
  • Since 2012 Doctoral Student at the Chair of Modern and East European History at the University of Freiburg
  • April 2013 Doctoral Student Fellowship at the German Historical Institute Moscow 
  • September 2013 Doctoral Student Fellowship at the German Historical Institute Washington, DC
  • Since Juni 2014 PhD candiate, DFG-Graduiertenkolleg 1288: Freunde Gönner Getreue, University of Freiburg


Ph.D Project

"Russian Émigrés in Berlin – General Aleksej Aleksandrovič von Lampe and his networks, 1922-1945."

Approximately two to three million Russians fled their country after the October Revolution 1917 and during the Russian civil war. During those years about 300.000 to 600.000 émigrés came to Berlin. The German capital immediately became a stronghold of the Russian emigration in Europe. The infrastructure and the cultural life of the so-called “Russian Berlin” developed rapidly: Russian aid agencies, schools, publishing houses and magazines arose around the city. The rapid growth of a Russian subculture within the German capital was motivated by the émigrés’ wish to conserve their culture and traditions as well as using and passing on the Russian language. Since 1922 General Aleksej Aleksandrovič von Lampe was also living among the Russian émigrés as a representative of the White Army.

This dissertation focuses on the General Aleksej von Lampe and his diary, which he wrote between 1919 and 1965. The purpose of this work is to conduct a double analysis: Firstly, it is a modern biography of von Lampe, in which his experiences during the Russian Revolution, his emigration and the World War will be analyzed. Secondly, the dissertation will contribute to the study of the Russian colony as a network. In the process, von Lampe’s perception of the every day life in the colony as well as the political background of the Weimar Republic and the National Socialism will be taken into account.

On the one hand, this dissertation will examine how relationships could constitute themselves within an unknown environment and how they were marked. The project aims to analyze, if friendships existed between individuals with different social backgrounds in the colony as well as between different nationalities. On the other hand, this thesis examines how much impact events like the Machtergreifung (seizure of power) of the Nazi Party, the Hitler-Stalin pact or the outbreak of the German-Soviet war had on these relations during the 1930s and 1940s.

The main purpose of the dissertation is to shed light on the internal world of the Russian émigré colony, which has not been extensively studied by any previous researcher so far. Particularly the questions of the scope of the Russian émigrés, the impact of political changes on the their lives and their networks within the colony are of great interest for me. 

  • Postadresse:

    Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
    DFG-Graduiertenkolleg 1288
    c/o Historisches Seminar
    Rempartstr. 15 - KG IV
    79085 Freiburg 
  • Besuchsadresse:

    Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
    DFG-Graduiertenkolleg 1288
    Erbprinzenstraße 13
    79098 Freiburg
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